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April 2020 Next

Beethoven's only opera Fidelio is the praises of freedom and humanity par excellence. Not for nothing, the Vienna State Opera was reopened after the 2nd World War with this work.

The governor of a Spanish state prison, Don Pizarro, resulting in its institution a reign of terror. Innocent victims of his brutal policy to be accessed. Don Florestan from Sevilla wants to clear up these arbitrary acts, but gets caught in their own hands of violent men. For over two years he languished in inhumane solitary confinement. His friends think he's dead, only his wife Leonore are not yet lost the Disappeared. She imagines Florestan in captivity, they hired himself the jailer Rocco as normally. In men's clothes and under the name of Fidelio they do hard work to acquire the confidence of their superiors and even win the love of his daughter Marcellina.

Act One
In vain the gatekeeper Jacquino endeavored to grant Marzellines. Since Fidelio is in the house, she has no ear for his wooing. Fidelio-Leonore returns of errands from Sevilla. Rocco is again impressed by the skill and conscientiousness of his new assistants: Soon Fidelio and Marcellina to be a couple. Marcellina and Rocco are dreaming of a comfortable future, Jacquino sees its prospects dwindle, Fidelio-Leonore Dr.ead of uncertainty. Since Don Pizarro occurs. For a confidential letter he learns that the minister is his abuse of office on the trail: A surprising visit to convict him definitively. Pizarro responded promptly: A guard watches the main street, a bugle call is to announce the visit. Florestan, the most prominent victim, must be quickly eliminated. Da Rocco denied the murder, the governor will make the act itself. Only one grave in the dungeon to him shoveling before the jailer. Marcellina and Fidelio-Leonore solicit Rocco a short output for ease of prisoners. Full of joy the prisoners enjoy the warm spring sun - in vain peeking Fidelio-Leonore for a familiar face. She learns rather dismayed by the new order Roccos and wants to share his hard work in the dungeon: Will they help prepare his grave to her husband? Outraged Pizarro has noticed the walk of the prisoners and can apply no justification. Only an urgent plan to murder Florestan prevents severe sanctions.

Act Two
In the dungeon of exhausted Florestan ponders his fate. His situation seems hopeless to him, only the consciousness of duty fulfilled comforts him. In an ecstatic vision he feels caught up into heavenly freedom by an angel with the trains Leonore. Rocco and Fidelio-Leonore place laboriously free a cistern. Florestan finally finds out who runs this prison and wants to communicate his wife in Seville. Fidelio-Leonore know now sure who she has in front of him. A small refreshment with bread and wine seem to be Florestan's last joy, because already approaching Pizarro. But when he strikes the fatal blow to Fidelio-Leonore introduces the prisoners "killed 'only his wife!" The the pursuing it stops in front of a gun, as the bugle sounds. The arrival of the minister promised a turnaround: liberation for the oppressed, a punishment for the oppressors. Pizarro rushes out of the dungeon, Rocco renounces his old man, Leonore and Florestan sink each other happy in his arms. - The people and the convicts welcome on the parade ground in front of the castle expectantly the minister, Don Fernando. On behalf of the King he proclaims general amnesty and the end of political arbitrariness. In Florestan he realizes his declared dead friend again. Leonore must solve the chains of long humiliated, Pizarro is arrested. The freed jubilation applies the reunited couple, a praise celebrating the faithful love. ,, Never too much hymn, his savior of her husband! "

Program and cast

Photo gallery

Vienna State Opera

Public Transport

Subway lines: U1, U2, U4
Trams: 1, 2, D, J, 62, 65
Buses: 59A
Local Railway: Badner Bahn
Stops: Karlsplatz / Opera

Taxi stands are available nearby.


Parking is only € 6, - for eight hours!

The Wiener Staatsoper and the ÖPARK Kärntner Ring Garage on Mahlerstraße 8, under the “Ringstraßengalerien”, offer the patrons of the Vienna State Opera a new, reduced parking fee. You can park in the Kärntner Ring Garage for up to 8 hours and pay only a flat fee of € 6, -. Just validate your ticket at one of the discount machines inside the Wiener Staatsoper. The normal rate will be charged for parking time greater than 8 hours. The validation machines can be found at the following coat checks: Operngasse, Herbert von Karajan-Platz, and the right and left and balcony galleries.

Important: In order to get the discount, please draw a ticket and do not use your credit card when entering the garage!

After devaluing your ticket in the Wiener Staatsoper you can pay comfortably by credit card or cash at the vending machines.

The machines accept coins and bills up to 50.- Euro. Parking time longer than 8 hours will be charged at the normal rate.


The structure of the opera house was planned by the Viennese architect August Sicard von Sicardsburg, while the inside was designed by interior decorator Eduard van der Nüll. It was also impacted by other major artists such as Moritz von Schwind, who painted the frescoes in the foyer, and the famous "Zauberflöten" (“Magic Flute”) series of frescoes on the veranda. Neither of the architects survived to see the opening of ‘their’ opera house: the sensitive van der Nüll committed suicide, and his friend Sicardsburg died of a stroke soon afterwards.


On May 25, 1869, the opera house solemnly opened with Mozart's Don Giovanni in the presence of Emperor Franz Joseph and Empress Elisabeth.
The popularity of the building grew under the artistic influence of the first directors: Franz von Dingelstedt, Johann Herbeck, Franz Jauner, and Wilhelm Jahn. The Vienna opera experienced its first high point under the direction of Gustav Mahler. He completely transformed the outdated performance system, increased the precision and timing of the performances, and also utilized the experience of other noteworthy artists, such as Alfred Roller, for the formation of new stage aesthetics.


The years 1938 to 1945 were a dark chapter in the history of the opera house. Under the Nazis, many members of the house were driven out, pursued, and killed, and many works were not allowed to be played.


On March 12, 1945, the opera house was devastated during a bombing, but on May 1, 1945, the “State Opera in the Volksoper” opened with a performance of Mozart's THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO. On October 6, 1945, the hastily restored “Theaters an der Wien” reopened with Beethoven's FIDELIO. For the next ten years the Vienna State Opera operated in two venues while the true headquarters was being rebuilt at a great expense.


The Secretary of State for Public Works, Julius Raab, announced on May 24, 1945, that reconstruction of the Vienna State Opera would begin immediately. Only the main facade, the grand staircase, and the Schwind Foyer had been spared from the bombs. On November 5, 1955, the Vienna State Opera reopened with a new auditorium and modernized technology. Under the direction of Karl Böhm, Beethoven’s FIDELIO was brilliantly performed, and the opening ceremonies were broadcast by Austrian television. The whole world understood that life was beginning again for this country that had just regained its independence.


Today, the Vienna State Opera is considered one of the most important opera houses in the world; in particular, it is the house with the largest repertoire. It has been under the direction of Dominique Meyer since September 1, 2010.

© Bwag/Commons
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