Sondra Radvanovsky: The Three Queens

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PreviousNovember 1973

Great scenes from Donizetti's 'Tudor Trilogy'

The American soprano returns to the Gran Teatre del Liceu after her triumphs in Andrea Chénier and Luisa Miller, this time to tackle a series of great scenes featuring three great 16th century British queens: the proud Mary Queen of Scots, the passionate Anne Boleyn and the powerful Elizabeth I. Each poses a huge challenge to the singer and actress, who must combine vocal force and technical expertise with irresistible charisma.

Sondra Radvanovsky is a favourite with Liceu opera-goers and one of the few singers of our time to have played all three heroines in the same season.

The final scenes from Donizetti's "Tudor Trilogy" (Anna Bolena, Maria Stuarda and Roberto Devereux), each with distinct period costumes, will be a treat never to be forgotten.

Program and cast

Sondra Radvanovsky, soprano
Gemma Coma-Alabert, mezzosoprano
Gerardo Bullón, baritone
César Cortés, tenor
Symphony Orchestra and Chorus of the Gran Teatre del Liceu
Stage director: Rafael Villalobos
Conductor: Riccardo Frizza
Chorus conductor: Conxita Garcia

Gran Teatre del Liceu

Barcelona's opera house, the Gran Teatre del Liceu, was founded on the Rambla in 1847 and has continued over the years to fulfil its role as a culture and arts centre and one of the symbols of the city.

Today it is publicly-owned (by the Government of Catalonia, Barcelona City Council, Barcelona Provincial Council and the Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte) and administered by the Fundació del Gran Teatre del Liceu which, in addition to the aforementioned bodies, incorporates the Patronage Council and the Societat del Gran Teatre del Liceu (the old society of owners).

Origins: From 1837 to 1847

The Liceu evolved out of the Sociedad Dramática de Aficionados (Society of theatre-lovers) set up in 1837 at the instigation of Manuel Gibert in the former convent of Montsió by members of the National Militia, an organization of armed citizens with liberal leanings.
Barcelona's economy and population were growing fast at the time and the city needed a music conservatory. This led to the conversion of the Sociedad Dramática into the Liceo Filármonico Dramático Barcelonés de S.M. la Reina Isabel II (Barcelona Dramatic and Philharmonic Lyceum of HM Queen Isabel II).  In addition to its theatrical activities, the new organization cultivated Italian-style singing and music.

The building on the Rambla

The original building was solemnly opened on 4 April 1847. The plans had been drawn up by Miquel Garriga i Roca, subsequently assisted by Josep Oriol Mestres. The project was funded by selling shares, which meant that many of the boxes and seats were to be privately owned. The shareholders formed the Societat del Gran Teatre del Liceu, known as the “Societat de Propietaris” (Society of Owners),  which was in sole charge of running the Gran Teatre del Liceu from 1855 onwards, after it was legally separated from the Conservatori del Gran Teatre del Liceu.
The theatre was operated by impresarios who were given a concession to stage a specific number of productions in exchange for the proceeds from the sale of tickets not reserved for the Societat itself. This system was to endure until 1980.

The creation of the Consortium

By the last quarter of the 20th century this management system was no longer viable. In 1980, to avert the danger of the disappearance of an institution of such worldwide cultural renown, the Generalitat  Catalonia's first government in modern times – set up a consortium, the Consorci del Gran Teatre del Liceu, which also incorporated Barcelona City Council and the Societat del Gran Teatre del Liceu. Barcelona Provincial Council joined the Consortium in 1985, followed by the Spanish Ministry of Culture in 1986. From then on the Consortium took over operation of the theatre.

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